Redonda Legend: A Bibliography
John D. Squires
[Working draft as of 7/25/00]
A. The Shiel Years (1865-1947)
Shiel, M. P., "About Myself" in The Novels of M. P. Shiel,
London: Victor Gollancz, Ltd, , a pamphlet issued to promote reissues
of Shiels novels. [Reprinted in A. R. Morse, The Works of M.
P. Shiel, Volume III, The Shielography Updated, part two, Cleveland:
Morse Foundation, 1980, 669-674. A lightly revised and annotated version,
first published in the original 1948 edition of Morses book, is
also reprinted Volume II, The Shielography Updated, part one at
"M. P. Shiel," in The Wilson Library Bulletin, (April,
"Shiel, Matthew Phipps," in Twentieth Century Authors,
W. H. Wilson Co., (1932): 1279-1280. [Reprinted in Works III, 675.]
[Article?], Daily Sketch, (October 20, 1937.)
Jepson, Edgar, Memoirs of an Edwardian and New Georgian, London:
Grant Richards, 1937, 242. [The reference was omitted from the "New
and Cheaper" edition of this book published in London by Martin Seeker
in 1938, though the index still includes a "ghost" reference
to Gawsworth at page 242.]
"Author is King of Isle His Father Seized With Own Navy," Sunday
Referee, (October 24, 1937) [An interview with Shiel.]
"Island King Now Lives In A Cottage," The Star, (October
26, 1937) [An interview with Shiel.]
[Article?], Star Eagle, Newark, NJ, ( November 20, 1937.)
Grammercy, S. F., [Article or interview?] Everybodys Weekly,
(May 21, 1938.)
[Obituary?], Daily Express, (February 18, 1947.)
Obituary note, Time, (March 3, 1947): 96.
B. The Gawsworth Years (1947-1970)
Connell, John, "A Writers Novelist," The Listener,
(April 24, 1947):632-633.
Dick, Alan, "Best-seller, a pen pal and a home," Daily Herald,
(June 24, 1947.)
"Left Home To Boy He Never Met," West Sussex County Times
(Horsham Advertiser and Sussex Standard), (Friday, June 27, 1947.)
Note on inheritance of Shiels cottage by Annamarie Millers
son, Time, (June 30, 1947.)
Blakeston, Oswell, Life and Letters, Vol. 57 (April 1948): 93.
[The legend recounted in a brief review of The Best Short Stories of
M. P. Shiel, by Sangro, Duke of Redonda.]
"Kingdomless Queen," The American Weekly, (December 12,
Derleth, August, "The Realm of Redonda," Arkham Sampler,
(Spring, 1949): 70-73 [Reprinted Works III, 682.]
"At the Court of King Juan," News Review, (July 14, 1949):
[Blakeston, Oswell], Life and Letters, Vol 65, (June 1950): 273-274.
[The legend mentioned in brief review of Science, Life and Literature
Smith, Bradley, Escape to the West Indies, New York: Alfred A.
Knopf, 1956, 94-95.
Fytton, Francis, "The homing Poet," Cheshire Life, (December,
"The Kingdom of M. P. Shiel", Times, (March
Billings, Harold W., "Matthew Phipps Shiel: A Collection and Comments,"
Library Chronicle of the University of Texas, Vol. VI, no 2 (Spring
"Wanna Be A King?" Reuters article about Gawsworths notice
of "Caribbean kingship with royal prerogatives" offered for
sale for 1,000 guineas in The Times on June 21,1958.
Pearce, Dyke, "His Island Crown Is For Sale," Empire
News, (June 22, 1958.)
Forbes, Peter, "King of Spoof," The People, Sunday, (June
28, 1958): 6.
"The king without half a crown," Daily Mirror, Saturday,
(July 19, 1958): 2.
"Wearing an old black jacket...", Daily Telegraph, (May
22, 1959) [article on appointment of Michael Denison & his wife Dulcie
Gray as duke & duchess for their performances in Let Them Eat Cake.
See also Michael Denison, Double Act, London: Michael Joseph, 1985,
Moss, Norman, "Juan Prefers London: My Kingdom for a Pub, Says King
of Redonda," [copy of clipping in Morse collection, but without publication
data. Appears to be from an English newspaper around 1959. "...The
Purple Cloud was recently made into the film, Odds Against Tomorrow
with Harry Belafonte..." Actually, Odds Against Tomorrow was
a different Belafonte movie. The film loosely based on Shiels novel
was The World the Flesh and the Devil (MGM, 1959.)]
Fawcett, F. Dubrez, "King of All the Seagulls," Men Only,
No 75, London, (November, 1960): 58-60 [Reprinted Works III, 683-684.]
Howard, Richard A., "Botanical and Other Observations on Redonda,
The West Indies," Journal of the Arnold Arboretum, Vol. XLIII,
No. 1, (January 1962): 51-66. [Reprinted in Works III, 703-711.]
Phillips, Eric, interview, "H. M. The King of Redonda," Writer
[U. K.] (October 1962): 4.
Maclaren-Ross, J., "The Strange Realm of M. P. Shiel," The
London Magazine, (September 1964): 76-84 [Reprinted in Works III,
Angeloglou, Maggie, "The King who washed Edith Sitwells Windows
and took Dylan Thomas Home to Sleep on the Sofa," London Evening
Standard, (Monday, May 3, 1965.)
Gawsworth, John, "M. P. Shiel Centenary: 1865-1965," and Sewell,
Brocard, "M. P. Shiel," The Aylesford Review, Vol. VII,
no. 3 (Autumn 1965.)
Ross, Charlesworth, "The First West Indian Novelist," Caribbean
Quarterly, Vol. 14, No. 4 (December, 1968): 56-60 (Department of Extramural
Studies, University of the West Indies, Mona, Kingston 7, Jamaica.)
Durrell, Laurence, Spirit of Place: Letters and Essays on Travel,
ed by Alan G. Thomas, New York: E. P. Dutton,1969 [Includes "Some
Notes on My Friend John Gawsworth: 1962", pp 17- 23, discussing the
legend at 22. This chapter was reprinted in The Kingdom of Redonda
1865-1990, ed by Paul de Fortis, Aylesford Press, 1990, 53-59.]
"Friends are seriously concerned...," Times, (December
4, 1969) [article on Gawsworths decline.]
"Poetic Peerage," Daily Telegraph, (September 26, 1970)
[article on Redondas peerage and Gawsworths death.]
"John Gawsworth will be cremated...," Times, (September
26, 1970.) [A separate death notice appeared in the same issue.]
"John Gawsworth, 58, Itinerant English Poet," Washington
Post, (September 26, 1970) [obituary.]
"John Gawsworth, 58, Poet And King of Tiny Island,"
New York Times (September 27, 1970):86, col. 3 [obituary.]
C. The Uncertain Years (1970-?)
Fodors Caribbean Guide, Bahamas and Bermudas, New York: David
McKay Company, 1974, 386-387.
Stanford, Derek, Inside The Forties: Literary Memoirs 1937-1957,
London: Sidgwick & Jackson Ltd, 1977, 214-215.
Eng, Steve, "Two Afterthoughts on M. P. Shiel: Upon Reading Morses
New Dimensions," The Romantist, No. 2, Nashville:
The F. Marion Crawford Memorial Society (1978): 31.
Morse, A. Reynolds, The Quest for Redonda, Cleveland: The Reynolds
Morse Foundation, 1979. [Reprinted as chapter 9 of Works III, 581-742.]
"Is the King of Redonda Redundant?", Daily Mail, (Jan
29, 1979.) [Reprinted in Works III, 714.]
Morse, A. Reynolds, The Works of M. P. Shiel, Vol. III, The
Shielography Updated, part two, Cleveland: The Reynolds Morse Foundation,
1980. [A volume of miscellany and biographical data. Besides reprinting
The Quest for Redonda, it includes Morses account of the
Gawsworth years and his analysis of the post Gawsworth succession.]
Wynne-Tyson, Jon, "M. P. Shiel: Right Royal Fantasist", Antiquarian
Book Monthly Review, Vol. VIII, #11, issue 91 (Nov 1981): 412-417
[reprinted in M. P. Shiel in Diverse Hands ed. by A. Reynolds Morse, Cleveland:
Reynolds Morse Foundation, 1983, 208-211.]
,"Two Kings of Redonda: M. P. Shiel and John Gawsworth", Books
at Iowa, no. 36 (April 1982): 15-22.
Klein, T. E. D., "Books," Twilight Zone Magazine, Vol.
2, No. 5 (August 1982): 14-15.
,"In the Twilight Zone: Royalty...," Twilight Zone Magazine,
Vol. 2, No. 7 (October 1982): 6. ["Pigs Are Sensitive" by Jon
Wynne-Tyson is published at pp 76-80.]
Indick, Ben, "All you ever wanted to know about M. P. Shiel,"
IBID, No. 40, The Esoteric Order of Dagon, 40th mailing
(October 1982): MPS1-MPS6. [Discusses the respective claims of Jon Wynne-Tyson
and William Scott Home.]
Fletcher, Ian, "John Gawsworth: The Aesthetics of Failure,"
The Malahat Review: An International Magazine of Life and Letters,
no. 63 (University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada), (October
Eng, Steve, "The Lyric Struggles of John Gawsworth," Books
at Iowa, no. 38, (April 1983): 29-45.
Morse, A. Reynolds, ed., M. P. Shiel in Diverse Hands: A Collection
of Essays on M. P. Shiel, Cleveland: Reynolds Morse Foundation, 1983.
Pitts, Denis, "The Dotty Dynasty of Redonda," The Sunday
Express Magazine, (Sept 23, 1984.)
Lehmann, F. W., IV in International Micropatrological Society Update,
(February 20, 1985.)
Denison, Michael, Double Act, London: Michael Joseph, 1985, 92-93.
Eng, Steve, "Profile: John Gawsworth," Night Cry, Vol.
2, no. 3, (Spring, 1987): 73-92; reprinted in Aklo (Spring, 1988):
OCoineen, Enda, The Unsinkable Kilcullen, London: The Bodley
Head, 1987. [Chapter 16, "Becoming a Lord" includes an account
of the legend and the authors journey to Redonda.]
Dobson, Roger, "M. P. Shiel and Arthur Ransome," Antiquarian
Book Monthly Review, Vol. XV, #6, issue 170 (June 1988): 218-224.
Dyde, Brian, "Half Our Sorrows," London Magazine, (Aug-Sept
de Fortis, Paul, "The Kingdom of RedondaA Brief History,"
Aklo ( Summer 1989): 14-15.
, "A History of Redonda," in The Kingdom of Redonda, 1865-1990
ed. by Rev. Paul de Fortis, Cheshire: The Alysford Press, 1991, 19-41.
OShaughnessy, Hugh, Around the Spanish Main: Travels in the Caribbean
and the Guianas, London: Century, 1991, 61; 94-95.
"Kingmaker of the Island that Columbus ignored," The Hampstead
and Highgate Express, (March 13, 1992): 2. [Paul de Fortis role
in promoting "King" Cedric recounted on the occasion of de Fortis
bizarre accidental death.]
Kohn, Marek, "Letter from Bohemia: From Guano to Soho: go for it,"
The Independent, (Saturday May 16, 1992.)
Finnegan, Matt, "Hunt for Queen of Caribbean," Manchester
Evening News, (May 15, 1993.)
"Bolton housewife to become Queen," Bolton Evening News,
(Saturday 15 May 1993.)
Russell, Andrew, "Caribbean Queen," Today, (Tuesday,
May 18, 1993): 12.
"Hail Queen Maggie, monarch of Redonda," Daily Mail,
(Tuesday, May 18, 1993.)
Brooks, Tony, "Isle Be Blowed: Maggie says no to chance of royal
title," Daily Star, (May 18, 1993): 3.
"Isle NOT be Queen," Daily Mirror, (May 18, 1993): 12.
Troup, John, "Maggies own isle," The Sun (Tuesday,
May 18, 1993): 11.
Finnegan, Matt, "New queen snubs isle paradise," Manchester
Evening News, (May 18, 1993): 2.
"Queen rejects her Caribbean kingdom," Daily
Telegraph (May 18, 1993): 2.
Bowman, Carlin, "Maggies world a womans realm...,"
Rossendale Free Press (Thursday, May 20, 1993.)
"Shes the queen of Caribbean island," Bury Times,
(Friday 21 May 1993): 21.
Johnson [?],Carl, "Queen Maggie falls in love with paradise,"
(Saturday May 29, 1993.)
Oldfield, Stephen, "Crowning a Caribbean queen," Daily Mail,
(Tuesday, June 1, 1993): 25.
Bowman, Carin, "Queen Maggies island joy turns sour as firm
loses out...," Rossendale Free Press, (Friday 11 June 1993):
"Queen scorns royal pretenders", Evening News, (June
Coram, Robert, Caribbean Time Bomb: The United States Complicity in
the Corruption of Antigua, New York: William Morrow and Company, 1993.
[Redonda and the legend is discussed in chapter 9, "Guano and Literature",
Redondan Cultural Foundation Newsletter 1, ed by Roger Dobson &
Mark Valentine, (Feb 1994.)
Henderson, James, "Redonda" in The Caribbean & the Bahamas,
(Cadogan Guides) Cadogan Books, plc, 1994, 310-311.
McLaughlin, Brighid, "Redonda reclaimed," Sunday Independent
(June 25, 1995): 7L.
"Sales of books and manuscripts," Times Literary Supplement,
(July 21, 1995): 32.
Jarvis, Stephen, "Bird droppings and name dropping with the king
of Redonda," The Daily Telegraph, (Oct 28, 1995.)
Redondan Cultural Foundation Newsletter 2, ed. by Roger Dobson
& Mark Valentine, (Feb 1996.)
Cameron, Sarah, "Redonda" in Caribbean Islands Handbook (with
the Bahamas), Footprint Handbooks [in USA Passport Books] (September
Redondan Cultural Foundation Newsletter 3, ed. by Roger Dobson
& Mark Valentine, (Nov 1996.)
Stableford, Brian, "M. P. Shiel," Book and Magazine Collector,
No. 155 (Feb 1997): 62-71.
Gates, William L., "M. P. Shiel" [letter to editor], Book
and Magazine Collector, No. 156, (March 1997): 84.
"The Kings of Redonda", Irish Roots Magazine, #21 (1997
Redondan Cultural Foundation Newsletter 4, ed. by Roger Dobson & Mark
Valentine, (Jan 1998.)
"Kings Across the Water", The Sunday Review (The Independent
on Sunday), (Feb 15, 1998): 42.
Dobson, Roger, "El Rey de Redonda," Machenalia, (Autumn
1998): 3-4 [also includes Antonio J. Iriartes review of Negra
espalda del tiempo by Javier Marías at 9-10.]
A note on the resignation of Jon Wynne-Tyson and transfer to Javier Marías,
All Hallows: the Journal of the Ghost Story Society, no. 19, (October
Redondan Cultural Foundation Newsletter, Issue 5, (November 1998)
ed. by Roger Dobson and Mark Valentine, "The Reign in Spain"
announces resignation of Jon Wynne-Tyson & assignment to Javier Marías.
Hughes, Rhys H., Rawhead and Bloody Bones & Elusive Plato,
Tanjen, Ltd, Leicester: 1998.
Dobson, Roger, letter to the editor, Book Source Monthly, Vol.
18, no. 7 (Oct 1999.)
Showker, Kay, "Caribbean Curiosities," AAA Miami Valley Home
& Away(November/December 1999): 22.
Dobson, Roger, "A King in Hornsey," Hornsey Historical Society
Bulletin, no. 41 (London, 2000): 33-34.
Marías, Javier, "Reino De Redonda" is a column by published
weekly in El Semanal. The issue published April 16, 2000 included
at page 10 part one of "Este reino junto al mar." Completed
at page 10 of the April 23, 2000 issue as "This kingdom by the sea,"
this is Mr. Marías summary of the Redonda legend and his
succession to Jon Wynne-Tysons interests as executor and "king."
, "Only Air and Smoke and Dust," a Prefatory Note to La Mujer
De Huguenin by M. P. Shiel, translated into Spanish by Antonio Iriarte,
Barcelona: Reino de Redonda, 2000. The book, a selection of six short
stories, also includes as appendices Shiels "About Myself"
in Spanish and English, a number of illustrations, and lists of Redondan
titles and offices created by John Gawsworth, Jon Wynne-Tyson and Javier
Redonda Bibliography: Spanish Addenda
NOTE: [This section is based on data supplied by Antonio Iriarte, who
also translated the headlines into English.] The following articles
are all based on the press conference held by Javier Marías on
Friday, July 7, 2000. All of them retell, with more or less detail, the
story of Shiels kingdom of Redonda and its succession. The first
three kings are all duly mentioned, as are the nobility titles bestowed
by them, and by JM . Shiels importance as a writer is usually left
in the background, although the book and the publishing house are, of
course, mentioned as well.
de Tuesta, M» José Díaz, "Writer Javier Marías
makes his debut as publisher with a fantastic literature series. The author
creates Reino de Redonda, a publishing house which opens with
a book by M.P. Shiel", El País, Madrid, (July 8, 2000):
Palacios, Elena F., "Javier Marías inherits a Caribbean island
and creates a new publishing house. The writer is the current King of
Redonda, a phantasmagoric title, empty of any real contents, which was
held by other writers before him," Diario 16, Madrid, (July
8, 2000): 52.
J. C. R., "Javier Marías creates the publishing house of his
novelesque Kingdom of Redonda," La Razón, Madrid, (July
8, 2000): 30 [Also, at 12, Photo of JM with caption: "Javier Marías
creates the Reino de Redonda publishing house."]
Astorga, Antonio, "Javier Marías makes his debut as publisher
with Reino de Redonda," ABC, Madrid, (July 8, 2000): 49.
Yebra, Tomás García, "Javier Marías creates
a publishing house. He has just "inherited" an island in the
Caribbean," El Heraldo de Aragón, Zaragoza, (July 8,
Merino, Juan Carlos, "Javier Marías makes his debut as a publisher
with an anthology of fantastic tales by Shiel. All Souls author
inherits the crown of the Caribbean island of Redonda, establishes a court
of writers and movie makers, and plans to publish two books per year,
with a Catalan edition by Columna." In a box, on the same page, a
potted biography of M. P. Shiel: "Profile: First King of Redonda
and Science Fiction forerunner", by M. Bach, La Vanguardia,
Barcelona, (July 8, 2000): 47.
"Javier Marías turns publisher and creates the firm Reino
de Redonda". Press agency release. A good summary, with mention
of Shiel and of the book. El Día de Valladolid, Valladolid,
(July 8, 2000.)
"Javier Marías inherits a Caribbean island and
creates a new publishing house. The writer narrates this amazing story
in his novel Dark Back of Time. The island kingdom has several
high officials appointed by the author". COLPISA -a press agency-.
Neither Shiel nor the book are mentioned. Canarias 7, Las Palmas,
(July 8th, 2000.)
M» A. S.-V, "Books: An ex libris in the shape of an island. Javier
Marías launches a new publishing house named after his
island, Redonda." Mentions both Shiel and the book, but deals mainly
on JMs nobility list and official appointments. El Semanal,
no. 665, (July 23, 2000): 16.
Bonilla, Juan, "M. P. Shiel, King of Redonda," El Mundo,
Madrid, (July 11, 2000.) [A positive review of La mujer de Huguenin.]